A genuinely sensitive skin is usually the result of a genetic pre-disposition. This is prevalent in those of celtic or nordic heritage who are usually of North European ancestry and is sometimes caused by the low pigmentation and a thinner epidermal skin layer. People with sensitive skin are highly prone to blushing and often experience hay fever, allergies, or asthmatic conditions too.
Sensitised skin affects speople regardless of their racial background or skin colour. Symptoms for sensitive and sensitised skin share a lot in common eg.itching, burning, redness, flushing and stinging and often sensitised skin is not immediately obvious as causation is variablefrom our own microclimate or the general climate in our home, cars, offices etc resulting in variations to level of exposure.
What causes sensitised skin ?
Exposure to the sun causes moisture evaporation from the skin increasing the likliehood of sensitivity. Cumulative exposure to sun can also cause damage Even short intervals can contribute to skin sensitisation and result in skin damage.
Our skin is exposed to a daily bombardment of chemicals and from the eviroment in which we live and many of these have sensitising properties. Exposure to Nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds has contributed to the steady rise in sensitised skin cases.
Cold weather and low humidity
Cold winds and low temperatures dry out the skin, depriving it of balanced levels of the skins sebum (oil) which maintains the skins natural lubrication levels. Without these oils, the skin becomes dry and more prone to sensitivity because of lack of protective oils. The same applies to forced air heating as well. Warm, dry air acts like a giant sponge, soaking up moisture from everything it touches.
On average by the time we reach 40,our natural levels of Stratum corneum lipids will have declined significantly and most of us will have skin that is dry and / or dehydrated.
Cosmetic ingredients can cause irritation and exacerbate skin sensitivity. Even those labelled as suitable for treat ingsensitised skin may contain such ingredients. These may include fragrances, preservatives and colours D and C as well as lanolin.
Nutritionists agree that people living on a diet of carbonated drinks and fat-free food items are missing out on vital, skin-friendly essential fatty acids (EFA) and fat-soluble vitamins. This can result in skin problems such as itching, dryness, scaling and thinning and can lead to psoriasis, eczema and dandruff.
Smoking has a drying effect on skin and inhibits the body’s ability to provide oxygen and nutrients. Smoking drains the skin of vitamin A and C and restricts blood vessels suffocates the skin from the inside. An excess of alcoholic and some medications can also contribute to dry skin.
Over - Cleansing
The loss of existing sebum (oil) is commonly caused by excessive bathing, showering or scrubbing harsh soaps and shower gels that dissolve the protective layer of sebum.
Treatments for results
When skin is healthy, sensitivity is minimised. Professional skin treatments together with the right lifestyle choices are essential in the treatment of sensitised skin.
An effective sensitised skin treatment includes gentle cleansing, soothing and anti-inflammatory-based products, hydration and pressure point facial massage techniques, to help increase the skins natural barrier while repairing previous environmentally-induced damage.
Correct skincare techniques will help ease skin sensitisation. Never use hot water when cleansing, do not use excessive or abrasive movements (instead, go for gentle upwards circles) and stay away from products that contain artificial fragrances or colours.
Your Therapist will advise you on the most appropriate skin care regime for individual presentation and can offer the most appropriate products for your skin type to maintain optimal skin health.
Call now on 0208 281 4688 or click to Contact us for your Skin care consultation